SA marks one year on the FATF grey list

Connie Queline

SA marks one year on the FATF grey list

South Africa’s journey since being placed on the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) grey list on 24 February 2023 has been a challenging but progressive one. The country has faced considerable hurdles in its financial and economic sectors, with significant implications for international finance access, investor confidence, and the regulatory landscape.

This extended period of scrutiny underlines the importance of compliance with global standards against money laundering and terrorist financing and highlights the concerted efforts required to restore the nation’s standing on the international stage.


Economic and financial impact

The greylisting by the FATF has notably affected South Africa’s access to international finance. Businesses and government entities have encountered difficulties securing loans and financing at competitive rates, which has, in turn, impacted the funding of critical infrastructure projects and economic development initiatives. This challenge is further compounded by the increased scrutiny of cross-border transactions, affecting the fluidity of international trade and the competitiveness of South African goods in the global market.

Moreover, the stigma associated with greylisting has led to a potential diversion of financial business to other countries not facing similar scrutiny.

This shift not only affects South Africa’s reputation as a global financial hub but also impacts local businesses and financial institutions that are now subject to more stringent regulatory requirements. These enhanced compliance measures have increased operational costs, adding to the already significant burden on the economy.

Regulatory reforms and compliance efforts

In response to the FATF’s concerns, South Africa has embarked on a rigorous path of regulatory reform and compliance enhancement. The government and regulatory authorities have enacted stricter laws and oversight mechanisms, particularly targeting high-risk sectors such as legal practices, estate agencies, and the broader financial services industry. Efforts by the Law Society of South Africa and the development of risk analysis tools by the Financial Intelligence Centre are indicative of the proactive measures being taken to improve the country’s compliance posture.

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The implementation of these stricter regulations, while necessary, has not been without its challenges. Financial institutions and businesses are now grappling with the increased cost of compliance, necessitating investments in advanced technologies for monitoring and reporting suspicious activities. This increased regulatory burden has implications for the broader economy, affecting the ease of doing business and potentially deterring both domestic and international investment.

Progress and challenges

Despite these challenges, South Africa has made commendable progress in addressing the FATF’s recommendations. The country has intensified its efforts to investigate and prosecute money laundering and terrorism financing cases, recover assets lost to crime and corruption, and strengthen its overall regulatory framework. These actions demonstrate a commitment to enhancing financial integrity and transparency, essential steps towards exiting the grey list.

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However, significant challenges remain. The ongoing evaluation by the FATF ensures that South Africa remains under pressure to demonstrate tangible improvements. This continuous scrutiny, while aimed at ensuring compliance with international standards, also highlights the urgency for South Africa to address its deficiencies within specified timelines. The economic implications of greylisting, including increased business costs and reduced attractiveness to foreign investors, underscore the need for a comprehensive and coordinated response across all sectors of the economy.

The path forward


The path to removing South Africa from the FATF grey list requires a multifaceted approach. Comprehensive legislative changes, increased regulatory oversight, and enhanced monitoring and reporting mechanisms are just the beginning. The financial services industry, in particular, plays a critical role in this process, with ongoing capacity building, knowledge sharing, and the adoption of new technologies being paramount to success.

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Moreover, the efforts to exit the grey list are not solely the responsibility of the government and financial institutions. A collective effort involving all stakeholders, including businesses, legal practitioners, real estate agents, and the general public, is essential. Education, training, and awareness-raising activities are crucial components of this collective response, ensuring that all parties are informed about the importance of compliance and the role they play in safeguarding the financial system.

Looking ahead

As South Africa continues its efforts to meet the FATF’s requirements, the goal of exiting the grey list by early 2025 remains in sight. The progress made thus far, coupled with the ongoing mobilisation towards compliance, suggests a pathway forward. However, the journey is complex, and the challenges are significant.

The timeline is tight, and the stakes are high, not only for the economic implications of remaining on the grey list but also for the potential risk of further sanctions or being placed on the black list.

In conclusion, South Africa’s experience on the FATF grey list serves as a stark reminder of the importance of global compliance standards and the consequences of failing to meet them. While the country has faced significant challenges, the efforts undertaken to reform its financial oversight mechanisms and enhance its regulatory framework are steps in the right direction.

Through dedicated collaboration, ongoing commitment, and a comprehensive approach to compliance, South Africa aims to reclaim its position as a respected and reliable player in the global financial arena, showcasing its dedication to a strong and transparent financial system. The journey is ongoing, but the destination – a South Africa that is off the grey list and back in good standing on the international stage – is within reach.

James George, Compliance Manager, Compli-Serve SA


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